Joined: 03 Apr 2005
Location: XBL : SnowRider221
|Posted: Wed Oct 26, 2005 9:33 pm Post subject: Xbox Modding Glossary - (Modding and Casemodding)
|Welcome to the Xbox modding Glossary. This will help you with any terms to don't sem to understand while you embark on your modding experience. The casemodding glossary is located at the bottom. Hopefully this is a helpful tool, and will be taken advantage of.
Xbox Modding General Glossary
1.0-1.6 – View Xbox Versions Here
Avalaunch - another popular dashboard. Includes an IRC, Telnet, and FTP client, as well as an integrated Fileserver and the ability to download game saves from xbox-saves.com right from the xbox. Displays game icons and plays shoutcast streams. Check out the Avalaunch Forum here on xbox-scene.com for help and more info.
BIOS - Pronounced "bye-ose," BIOS is an acronym for basic input/output system - tells your xbox how to work! A hacked bios can allow unsigned code (backups and homebrew software) to run, as well as various other features.
BFM - Bootable from media. This is a bios flag that allows the bios to loaded from the hard drive with a debug bios or using the Phoenix Bios Loader. Do not flash a BFM bios onto a chip. Some people think that 'bootable from media' means that it boots a cd in the drive, while other bios's do not. Those people need to take an english class on what the suffix 'able' and the word 'from' means. Notice its not 'boots media' or 'boots to media', but 'bootable FROM media', meaning the bios itself boots from media (media in this case meaning not a chip).
Chameleon - A mod chip manufactured by Team Xodus
Cheapmod - A simple mod chip made of a SST Bios chip and PCB. Due to the simple nature of these chips, they are often sold for $10-20USD.
Cromwell - A clean rom replacement devoid of M$ code designed specifically to run Linux and other alternative OS's, It currently does not run games or ordinary xbox executables.
Crossover - the kind of cable you need to connect an xbox DIRECTLY to another computer or xbox. if you are using a router, hub, or switch this is NOT necessary and will not work; use a regular patch cable for that. the xbox system link cable is a crossover cable
d0 - an install point in 3rd generation mods, to the right of the LPC holes. if this is not connected right the xbox will boot to the original bios like there is no modchip there
Dashboard - the program first run when you start your xbox up with nothing in the drive. the default MS dash is the familiar menu for dealing with game saves and audio cds
EEPROM - Electrically Erasable Erogrammable Read-Only Memory - a chip that is on the xbox motherboard, located directly 'above' the TSOP. This chip contains information about your xbox (the hard drive lock key, region code, video mode etc.), can be backed up and restored. This is what is banned by xbox live.
Eject Fix - bios fixed so that opening the dvd drive DOESN'T reset the xbox, letting you load a cd with, say, a media player, then putting a video cd in
Eject Trick - pressing the eject button while the xbox is on will disable the modchip, and the xbox will boot from the TSOP. This is used on the matrix modchip
Error <Anything> -Xbox Error Codes Explained
EvolutionX ( Evox ) - 2 things
EvolutionX Dash - the most popular custom dash, has a boot menu for homebrew software, ftp server, custom skins, etc.
EvolutionX Bios - this is a bios made by the Evolutionx team.
The whole "Evox is the bios, EvolutionX is the dash" thing is false; not sure where this got started, but its not true.
Evox - see EvolutionX
Exploitable Games – The games that are capable of running an expoit via gamesave…(softmodding) These are MechAssault, Splinter Cell, and 007: Agent Under Fire
Flashing - putting a bios on a bios chip (modchip or TSOP)
FRAG - when you try to boot up, the light on the eject button Flashes Red And Green (get it? ). means that the xbox cannot boot a bios. This could be anything from, problem with installation of your chip, bad bios, solder splash, lifted traces, etc.
FTP - File Transfer Protocol - lets you access your xbox hard drive from the pc (or from another xbox) when it's running evox or another ftp server. you can do anything you could with a drive attatched right to your pc
Hardmod - The act of modify one's Xbox by the means of a physical chip on the motherboard, i.e. an Xecuter3.
HDD Swap - Switching the xbox hard drive with another, usually a bigger PC harddrive
Homebrew Mods - Older mod chips. Don't confuse these with cheapmods. I don't beleive these had a pcb, and all wiring was connected direct to the bios chip.
IRG - In Game Reset - pressing buttons on controller (usually both triggers + start + back OR triggers + start + black) to either reset the xbox (x2 bios IGR) or return to dash without resetting (Evolutionx IGR)
Locked - Xbox hard drives, like laptop hard drives, are locked. You must unlock it to use it in another xbox or pc, and it must be locked to be used without a modchip. You can lock a hard drive on any box, but you need the xbox that locked it to unlock a hard drive. unless you have the eeprom
LPC - points in a 3rd generation chip install, 2 columns. filled with solder in a v1.0 xbox
MediaXMenu - based on MenuX, a popular open source dashboard/multigame launcher. Has a powerfull scripting language, as well as HIGHLY customizable skins. User is able to play music, display preview icons, and videos. Check out the MXM forum here on xbox-scene.com.
Menu X - a hacked version of MS's Game Demo menus. Used for multigame discs
Milksop - A homebuilt TSOP programmer which uses a TSOP test-clip or other attachment method to program the TSOP without the cooperation of the xbox hardware.
Modchip - holds bios, makes xbox boot to the bios held instead of onboard bios
Patching - retail games need to be patched to run off the harddrive. x2 bios all automatically patch older games for you on the fly, and x2 version 4975 does the new ones as well
Programmer - any way to externally flash your modchip, using a pc
Softmod – Modding your console by means of an exploit, through one of the exbloitable games.
Torx - A star-shaped screwdriver tip/receptacle in the head of screws. Many/most modern electronics use Torx screws as they are easy for robotic assembly drivers to align. Torx bits can be purchased wherever fine tools are sold.
TSOP - Thin Small Outline Package - the onboard bios chip, can be flashed with a hacked bios as a cheap alternative to a modchip. switches can even be installed. dangerous though, you might ruin your xbox
Xbins - #xbins it is an channel on IRC for homebrew games and files
XDK (SDK) - Xbox Developer Kit (Software developer kit) used to make games and apps for use on the Xbox (Do NOT ask on the forums where to find this!)
Xecuter/Xecuter2/Xecuter3 - Another brand of mod chip, currently in development. Made by Team Xecuter
Xenium - 4th generation chip, made by Team OzXodus
Xbox Casemodding Glossary
AC (alternating current) - Form of electricity coming from your home wall sockets.
Acrylic = See Plexiglas
Anode - the positive leg of an LED. Almost always the long leg.
ATA - Advanced technology attachment. A disk drive interface standard based on the IBM PC ISA 16-bit bus but also used on other personal computers. The ATA specification deals with the power and data signal interfaces between the motherboard and the integrated disk controller and drive. The ATA "bus" only supports two devices - master and slave. (From dictionary.com)
AWG : American Wire Gauge refers the diameter of a wire. Size is inversely proportional to the gauge number. IE: higher number, smaller wire.
Backdrop- a sheet of something attractive to put under a clear jewel so you don't see the Xbox guts (DVD-ROM, HDD, and the IDE cable)
Bezel : The front of the DVD Drive that has XBOX printed on it.
BIOS : Basic Input Output System. The code that controls booting and configuration of devices.
Cathode – 1) the negative leg of an LED 2) See CC/CCFL
CC-CCFL – Cold cathode. Cold cathodes are very bright lights. Circular cold cathodes from 80mm fans are often used to light up the jewel.
Chaser - an LED circuit designed to make LEDs light up one after the other.
Cold Solder - Any soldered point/junction with poor conductivity due to poor solder coverage/hold. A cold solder may work intermittently or may not work at all. Basically, a cold solder is a poor product of soldering and should be redone.
Dashboard - basically, the operating system that the Xbox runs on. What you see when you turn your Xbox on with no disk in the drive.
Daughterboard - Only in v1.0 boxes. A small PCB, which attaches to the Xbox motherboard and the controller ports plug into.
DC (direct current) - Form of electricity used by the Xbox and most other electrical components. Must be converted from AC to DC via a PSU (power supply unit).
De-Solder Braid – A copper metal braid used to absorb excess solder when mistakes are made while soldering (used in conjunction with a soldering iron), this is best for removing solder from delicate areas or flat surfaces.
De-Soldering Pump - a hand held spring loaded pump used to remove solder, usually when replacing components (used in conjunction with a soldering iron), this is best for removing solder from through holes in a circuit board, or when large amounts of solder need to be removed.
Digital Multimeter - a device capable of measuring volts (DC and AC), amps, resistance, continuity (though this might not be available in all multimeters), etc.
Dongle – 1) The receiver from the DVD kit that plugs into the controller ports on the console 2) The piece of the controller breakaway cable that plugs directly into the Xbox
Dremel – A powerful rotary tool used in many case mods, for cutting the case, drilling, sanding, anything.
CVC Window – A mod that involves cutting a hole in the case and the top of the DVD-ROM, and adding an acrylic or Plexiglas window so that you can see which DVD is in the drive without even opening your case.
Eject LED mod : Changing the colors of the front green lights of your Xbox to another color.
Fader - a led circuit designed to make LEDs fade in and out, usually from one color to another
Flux – A rosin based gel used to prime areas to be soldered
FRAG - Flashing Red And Green, refers to an error displayed on the Xbox’s eject LEDs.
HDD – Abbreviation for hard drive. (or Hard Disk Drive)
Heatsink : piece of copper or aluminum used to disperse heat from chips
Hole Saw : a drill bit used to create holes. Amazing. Everyone uses a 2 1/2 inch hole saw to cut a hole for jewel lighting.
IDE : Integrated Drive Electronics. The most popular way to hook up internal devices to the computer. Refers to the large ribbon cable and connectors attached to the Hard Drive and DVD drive
Jewel – 1) The circular green Xbox logo on the case 2) the Xbox logo on either of the controllers (Original controller jewel, S-controller jewel) 3) Any article that replaces the original jewel(s)
Jewel LED's : Installing LEDs (light emitting diode) under your jewel to give it a nice glow effect!
Krylon (Fusion) - A spray paint most commonly used to paint the Xbox. Also used for painting plastics. According to the can it "Bonds to plastic!". Found in most common stores.
LCD - Liquid Crystal Display, not to be confused with TFT LCD a simple display screen like a digital clock face, typically gray-green with black characters and sometimes backlit with LEDs
LED – Light-emitting diode.
Lockable - refers to an aftermarket Hard drive with the ability to Lock to the motherboard allowing you to use that hard drive with your modchip turned off.
LPC Points - set of points located on XBOX mobo. Also, the location of modchip wires. Stands for "Low Pin Count" refers to an Intel standardized port allowing for legacy free computers to have legacy devices, in laymen’s terms a computer with only USB ports can have a PS2, Serial, Parallel, Game port, etc ports attached through some circuitry into the LPC port. In addition to legacy devices the LPC port can also be used to connect an IR port, Smart Card Reader, or External Bios (this is why modchips connect to the LPC and why the new modchips are able to run LCD screens)
MCD - the higher this rating is, the brighter the LED. MCD stands for millicandels, which is the unit for luminescence.
MCPX - a small nVidia chip, which, if overheated, is often the cause of Xbox motherboard problems
Mobo - short for motherboard, the main board, which is the core of the Xbox
Mod – 1) modify, modification 2) referring to a modchip or exploit
Molex - the standardized 4 pin connector attached to the hard drive, the Red wire is +5V, the Yellow wire is +12V and the Black Wires are Ground
Multimeter – see Digital Multimeter
NTSC- National Television System Committee refers to both the global region the Xbox comes from as well as the video signal standard that is produced. NTSC-NA refers to North America and NTSC-J refers to Japan; the video signal output by an NTSC Xbox is 60Hz
PAL - Phase Alternation by Line, refers to both the global region the Xbox comes from as well as the video signal standard that is produced, PAL Xbox’s come from Europe, the video signal output by an PAL Xbox is 50Hz
PCB - Printed Circuit Board; used to describe any circuit board with traces printed on it.
Philly = Philips DVD drive
Plexiglass : type of plastic used mainly for windows in cases and other such applications where clear plastic is needed.
Power/Eject Assembly – The name given to the small PCB that contains the power and eject buttons, as well as the LEDs that indicate the Xbox’s status.
PSU - Power Supply Unit; used to convert AC power from the wall into DC current to be used by a computer (or Xbox)
Resistor - a small electrical device that limits current, commonly used with an LED to keep it from burning out
Sammy - Samsung DVD drive
Shielding - The (unnecessary) metal cage inside the case. Top is easily removable, but try not to remove what you don’t have to. These are there to meet with FCC regulations to keep interference out and to keep noise produced by the Xbox from interfering with other devices (it has been proven that removing all of this doesn't hurt at all in most situations)
Skin – a vinyl appliqué that can be stuck on the console like a big sticker. An easy substitute for painting.
Solder - 1.) a soft lead or silver bare wire like metal used in conjunction with a soldering iron as the "glue" to permanently hold together electrical circuits. 2.) the act of using a soldering iron and solder(1) to connect items in an electrical circuit.
Soldering Iron - a pen or gun shaped tool with a red hot sharp metal tip used to heat up solder for permanently connecting electrical circuits
Solder Pad - Small spot also called a 'point' on a pc board where components are soldered on.
Solder Splash - when you drop solder on something and it splashes
Solder Sucker - (see De-soldering pump)
Thompson/Tommy - usually refers to the Thompson brand DVD drive, very common in the xbox but it does not read burned media very well
Torx – a form of screwdriver with a 6 point diamond shaped head. The Xbox uses these exclusively (in sizes T20 [case], T15 [HDD], and T10 [everything else]).
Trace - A path of conductive material such as copper, silver, or gold, on the surface of or sandwiched inside a PCB, printed circuit board. Individually, these traces are often refered to as a "run." Traces carry electrical signals from one electronic component to another, with minimal use of space. In other words, traces are all the small lines you see on a PCB (printed circuit board).
Tray , DVD or HDD – The HDD or DVD-ROM trays are the large plastic pieces that hold the hard drive and the DVD-ROM in place inside the Xbox.
TSOP - Thin Small-Outline Package. The chip that Xbox stores the onboard BIOS. People sometime flash them to run different BIOSes.
Ultraviolet (aka UV or black light) - A form of light not visible to the naked eye. There are UV cathodes and LEDs. They make fluorescent paint (and most other colors) give off a colorful glow. UV light sources generally appear purple in color
USB: Universal Serial Bus- the Xbox controller port interface.
Xbox - MS gaming console
XIR (Xbox Infra Red) - Modification that adds another button to the DVD remote, allowing it to control the Xbox's power via the button.
Yellow wire - refers to the 5 wire in the Xbox's controller ports. The controller ports are a modified USB port with a different shape and the addition of this wire. As of now this wire is only used as return line for light guns.
P.S. - Feel free to PM me if I need to add anything else. I will keep it updated regularly
Last edited by Snow Rider221 on Wed Dec 07, 2005 6:33 pm; edited 2 times in total